Dialogs inform users about a task and can contain critical information, require decisions, or involve multiple tasks.
A Dialog is a type of modal window that appears in front of app content to provide critical information or ask for a decision. Dialogs disable all app functionality when they appear, and remain on screen until confirmed, dismissed, or a required action has been taken.
Dialogs are purposefully interruptive, so they should be used sparingly.
Simple dialogs can provide additional details or actions about a list item. For example, they can display avatars, icons, clarifying subtext, or orthogonal actions (such as adding an account).
- Choosing an option immediately commits the option and closes the menu
- Touching outside of the dialog, or pressing Back, cancels the action and closes the dialog
Alerts are urgent interruptions, requiring acknowledgement, that inform the user about a situation.
Most alerts don't need titles. They summarize a decision in a sentence or two by either:
- Asking a question (e.g. "Delete this conversation?")
- Making a statement related to the action buttons
Use title bar alerts only for high-risk situations, such as the potential loss of connectivity. Users should be able to understand the choices based on the title and button text alone.
If a title is required:
- Use a clear question or statement with an explanation in the content area, such as "Erase USB storage?".
- Avoid apologies, ambiguity, or questions, such as “Warning!” or “Are you sure?”
You can also swap out the transition, the next example uses
Form dialogs allow users to fill out form fields within a dialog. For example, if your site prompts for potential subscribers to fill in their email address, they can fill out the email field and touch 'Submit'
If you have been reading the overrides documentation page
but you are not confident jumping in,
here is one example of how you can customize the
DialogTitle to support a close button.
⚠️ While the material design specification encourages theming, this example is off the beaten path.
You can set a dialog maximum width by using the
maxWidth enumerable in combination with the
fullWidth property is true, the dialog will adapt based on the
You may make a dialog responsively full screen the dialog using
withMobileDialog. By default,
withMobileDialog()(Dialog) responsively full screens at or below the
sm screen size. You can choose your own breakpoint for example
xs by passing the
Confirmation dialogs require users to explicitly confirm their choice before an option is committed. For example, users can listen to multiple ringtones but only make a final selection upon touching “OK.”
Touching “Cancel” in a confirmation dialog, or pressing Back, cancels the action, discards any changes, and closes the dialog.
Be sure to add
aria-labelledby="id...", referencing the modal title, to the
Dialog. Additionally, you may give a description of your modal dialog with the
aria-describedby="id..." property on the
Scrolling long content
When dialogs become too long for the user’s viewport or device, they scroll.
scroll=paperthe content of the dialog scrolls within the paper element.
scroll=bodythe content of the dialog scrolls within the body element.
Try the demo below to see what we mean:
You can create a draggable dialog by using react-draggable.
To do so, you can pass the the imported
Draggable component as the
PaperComponent of the
This will make the entire dialog draggable.
Follow the Modal performance section.